Nicholas Rosalieff

Nicholas Rosalieff
Queenslander Pictorial, supplement to The Queenslander, 13 March 1915, p. 23

Nicholas Rosalieff
(Courtesy of grandson, Nikolai Rozaliev)

Nicholas Rosalieff's grave at Novodeviche Cemetery in Moscow

Alias Rozal'ev

Russian spelling

Николай Павлович Розалиев

Born 28.12.1886

Place Mogutovo, Samara, Russia

Ethnic origin Russian

Religion Russian Orthodox

Father Paul (Pavel Georgievich) Rosalieff

Mother Elizaveta Alekseevna


Wife Nina Alekseevna Rosalieff (née Nikitina), married in Russia, son Iurii (Yuri), b. 1922, daughter Irina b. 1927 (information from grandson, Nikolai Rozaliev / Николай Юрьевич Розалиев)

Residence before arrival at Australia Member of Eser (Socialist-Revolutionary) Party. Arrested in 1906 and exiled to Siberia. Fled from Siberia to Australia in 1910.

Arrived at Australia
from Nagasaki
on 8.01.1911
per Yawata Maru
disembarked at Brisbane

Residence before enlistment Cairns, Toowoomba, Qld

Occupation in Russia - printer, locksmith, 1915 labourer, sugar-cane cutter, 1916 labourer

service number 2011
enlisted 1.02.1915
POE Brisbane
unit 9th Battalion
rank Private
place Gallipoli, 1915
final fate RTA 4.08.1915
discharged posted as deserter 18.11.1915, not eligible for awards

Naturalisation Served as Russian subject

Residence after the war Brisbane till 1917; 1918 returned to Russia, 1920 joined Communist Party, 1922 was expected to arrive at Australia for propaganda; 1930-32 worked in Korea as Soviet official

Died 9.01.1932, Korea


Digitised service records (NAA)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM)

Alien registration (NAA)

Rosalieff - Soviet Commissary Russia (digitised file) (NAA)

Николай Розалиев, "Одиссея Нины Никитиной"

Blog article



Newspaper articles

"Like Russian Cossacks". - Daily Standard, Brisbane, 15 October 1913, p. 5.

Н. Розальев. Письмо в редакцию. - Рабочая жизнь, Брисбен, 11.04.1917, с. 4.

From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

While researching my book My Dark Brother (the story of Ngadjon Aboriginal Kitty Clarke and her Russian husband Leandro Illin), I was looking through their daughter Flora Hoolihan's papers. There I came across a bundle of Russian postcards, of around 1911-12, sent by his Russian comrades-in-arms to Nicholas Rosalieff, a socialist revolutionary who fled from exile in Siberia to Australia in 1911. Their words are carefully couched, their messages elliptical: one has to read between the lines to grasp their meaning. And Flora, who couldn't understand Russian in any case, kept them safe for over half a century. Rosalieff later enlisted in the AIF. Even ephemeral things like postcards turn up in unexpected ways, to make surprising connections.

Russians who joined the army together, or who met up at training camp, would often embark together. Six Russians from Brisbane, for instance -- the journalists Chirvin and Fedorovich, the engineer Romanovsky, the labourer Domilovsky, the former revolutionary turned cane-cutter Rosalieff, and the butcher Soolcovsky -- all ended up together in the 9th Battalion's 5th reinforcement, departing on the Kyarra on 16 April 1915, along with Korotcoff, a cane-cutter from Port Douglas.