Alexis Kazakoff

Alexis Kazakoff

Alexis and Anne Isabel Kazakoff, 1924
Photographs courtesy of Lyn Kaddatz

Alias Kazakoff (naturalisation); Kasakoff, Kosakoff, Kazenkoff, Kazerkoff (WWI service records); Kozakoff (court martial records), his signatures are Kozakoff and Kazakoff, Allick

Russian spelling

Алексей Иванович Казаков

Born 8.02.1889

Place Starye Mataki, Kazan, Russia

Ethnic origin Russian

Religion Russian Orthodox

Father John Petrovich Kazakoff

Mother Chevanoff Tatiana


Wife Anne Isabel Kazakoff (née Bourne) (1905-1998), married at Harrisville, Qld, 1925; children Nora Isabel, Vera, Nicholas Alec, Evelyn (Lyn), Robert Edward, Una Helen, Betty Anne, Jeffrey Ronald, Nanette Karen, David Alan (information from daughter Lyn Kaddatz)

Arrived at Australia
from St Petersburg
on 19.12.1912
disembarked at Melbourne

Residence before enlistment Melbourne, Adelaide, Bundaberg, Mount Morgan, Cairns, Qld

Occupation Before arrival: merchant seaman; 1915 labourer, 1923 fitter

service number 1762
enlisted 23.03.1915
POE Cairns, Qld
unit 15th Battalion, 11th FAB
rank Private, Gunner, Fitter, reverted to Gunner
place Gallipoli 1915; Western Front 1916-1918
casualties WIA 1915
final fate RTA 19.10.1918
discharged 23.02.1919

Naturalisation 1923

Residence after the war Brisbane, Aramac, Innisfail, Brisbane, Qld

Died 12.07.1956, Qld


Digitised naturalisation (NAA) (Kazakoff)

Digitised service records (NAA) (Kozakoff aka Kazakoff)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM) (Kozenkoff)

Court martial file (NAA) (Kozakoff)

Kazakoff, Alexis - Naturalization certificate granted 17 May 1923 (NAA)

DVA pension case file (NAA)

Blog article



From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

[...] Alexis Kazakoff, whose name in his service records was spelt variously as Kosakoff, Kasakoff, Kozakoff, Kazenkoff and Kazerkoff, was even court-martialled over issues connected with his language problems. [...] Kazakoff came from a village near Kazan on the Volga River; he deserted his ship in Australia, working here as a labourer. He started his service on Gallipoli, becoming a fitter with the 15th Battalion, which had a number of Russians from Queensland. He fought well, being wounded once. Back in Egypt he was transferred to the 11th Field Artillery Brigade. In May 1918 he was made a gunner, but refused to take up his new duties, arguing at his trial, 'I know the language well enough to be a fitter but not a gunner'. Army command was at this stage of the war desperate to utilise every available man and Kazakoff's arguments were dismissed: he was sentenced to 35 days' field punishment and mustered as a gunner.

[...] At the end of August [1918] Smagin was transferred to England, without trial, for return to Australia. His case set the ball rolling: a month later four other Russians, from 4th Division artillery units, were also sent back to Australia 'on account of Russian nationality'. They were followed by another five men from different units, sent back under the same rubric; though sometimes it was recorded as 'other reasons' or 'family reasons'. There are some familiar names among them: John Wagin (who had just been sentenced to six months' imprisonment with hard labour), Michael Osipoff (who had earlier wounded himself), Alexis Kazakoff (who some months previously refused to serve as a gunner), and Justin Glowacki.