Nicholas Sholmatoff

Alias Sholmateff; changed name to Nicholas Nicholls

Russian spelling

Николай Николаевич Шольматов

Born 26.11.1888

Place Moscow, Russia

Ethnic origin Russian

Religion Church of England

Father Nicholas Sholmatoff

Mother Ethel Brownoff


Wife Ethel nee French Nicholls, married 1918; children Margaret Peace b. 1919, Jayce, b. 1921, Jack, b. 1925, Walter Roy b.1927


Enlisted together Malisheff, Akim Petroff, Sholmatoff, Tarasenkoff, Tuagarin, and Yannin

Residence before arrival at Australia Served in the Russian Army for 1½ years

Arrived at Australia
from Russia
on 25.06.1912
per Nikko Maru
disembarked at Brisbane

Residence before enlistment Brisbane, Mount Morgan, Qld

Occupation 1915 miner, 1927 smallgoods man

service number 2842A
enlisted 14.08.1915
POE Rockhampton, Qld
unit 25th Battalion, 9th Battalion
rank Private
place Western Front, 1916
casualties WIA 1916
final fate RTA 24.06.1916
discharged 4.10.1916 MU

Naturalisation 1928

Residence after the war Brisbane

Died 21.01.1957, Brisbane


Digitised naturalisation (NAA) (Nicholas Nicholls)

Digitised service records (NAA) (Sholmatoff)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM) (Sholmatoff)

Nicholls, Nicholas - Naturalization certificate granted 15 June 1928 (NAA)

Repatriation Medical case file (NAA) (Nicholls)

Blog article



Newspaper articles

Central District volunteers. - Morning Bulletin, Rockhampton, 18 August 1915, p. 8

Central Queenslanders in England. - The Capricorn, Rockhampton, 29 July 1916, p. 21

From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

The front around Armentières was described as a 'nursery sector' since it was supposedly quiet, but many Australians experienced their baptism by fire almost as soon as they arrived. On 20 April [1916 ...] the farmhouse and outbuildings at Rouge de Bout, where 9th Battalion's C Company was billeted, received a direct hit under heavy shelling, which killed and wounded many men. C Company included many Russians: Akim Petroff, who was severely wounded in the knee and hands, was evacuated to England and had his right leg amputated; Nicholas Sholmatoff and Alexander Sank were also severely wounded. All three were repatriated to Australia. Lavrrenty Rogojnekoff was the only one of this group to escape from this shelling with only minor injuries, but a few weeks later at Sailly he sustained more serious wounds. These were the first Russian Anzac casualties on the Western Front.