Anthony Minkshlin

Alias Minkshtin (original surname accorrding to UK naturalisation); Mintshlinz, Minkslin, Mintshlin
Russian spelling Антоний Минкштин
Born 13.10.1892
Place Vilna (Vilnius), Lithuania
Ethnic origin Lithuanian
Religion Roman Catholic
Father Baltromey Minkshtin, in Vidzy, Lithuania/Belarus; in 1921 in Libava (Liepaja)
Mother Agatha nee Christopher
Residence before arrival at Australia Studied in Vilno and Libava; stated that served in the Russian Army (probably incorrect)
Arrived at Australia on Ca 2.05.1907
disembarked at New South Wales
Residence before enlistment Branston, NSW; Melbourne
Occupation 1907 labourer; 1915 seaman
Naturalisation 1921 in the UK
Residence after the war 1921 Liepaja, Latvia, 1923 Australia, 1935 Sydney

Service #1

Service number 1328
Enlisted 3.08.1915
Place of enlistment Melbourne
Unit 4th Light Horse Regiment, 2nd Anzac Mounted Regiment, 13th Light Horse Regiment
Rank Trooper
Place Western Front, 1916-1918
Final fate RTA 15.10.1921
Discharged 20.07.1919 in London

Service #2 – British Army

Service number 133006
Enlisted 28.05.1919
Place of enlistment London
Unit 45th Battalion Royal Fusiliers, Russian Relief Force
Place Russia, 1919
Awards Meritorious Service Medal
Discharged 11.01.1920

Service #3 – British Military Mission

Enlisted 28.02.1920
Rank Interpreter
Place Kovno, Lithuania
Discharged 5.05.1920


Digitised service records (NAA)

Medals awarded (digitised file) (NAA)

Application to enlist (NAA)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM) (Mintshlin)

Embarkations from London on BEKTABA, 29 March - ... A Minkshlin (NAA)

*I am grateful to Michael Challinger and Aldis Putnins for access to the image

Blog article



From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

[...] five Russians enlisted in the Middlesex Regiment, mostly as interpreters, and served with the North Russian Relief Force: Alex Alexandroff, from Vladivostok (a former cook), Robert Meerin and Anthony Minkshlin, from the Baltic region (both former seamen), Ivan Odliff, from Nizhny Novgorod (a former boiler-maker), and Paul Smirnoff, a 19-year-old former miner from Vologda, northern Russia. Richard Gregorenko planned to join them but later changed his mind and returned to Australia. They arrived in Archangel in summer 1919 and fought against the pro-Bolshevik forces in the area until the final evacuation of Allied forces a year later. Minkshlin was awarded a Meritorious Service Medal for this campaign.