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All, Kara, Wiseman, Allikas

Peter All

  • Peter All, an Estonian seaman from Saaremaa Island, came to Australia in 1914 and enlisted in the AIF in Sydney.
  • He sailed to Gallipoli with reinforcements to the 2nd Battalion. He continued his service on the Western Front where he died of wounds at the battle of the Somme in October 1916.
  • His widowed mother was found after the war in Estonia and was supported by an Australian pension.

Niilo Kara

  • Niilo Kara, a Finnish seaman from Pihlajavesi, Tampere, came to South Australia in 1914, deserting his ship.
  • He enlisted in Melbourne, came to Gallipoli with the 24th Battalion and was wounded in the right knee at the end of the Gallipoli campaign.
  • Being invalided to Australia, he settled in Manangatang, a soldier settlement in Victoria, becoming a wheat farmer, but later moved to Queensland working as a prospector and sugar cane cutter.
  • When WWII broke out he enlisted in the AIF once again and served in Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, and New Guinea.

Martin Wiseman

  • Martin Wiseman, a Latvian from Riga, settled in Semaphore (Port Adelaide) in South Australia, working as a stevedore and labourer. He married a local girl, Violet, and had a daughter.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he sailed to Gallipoli with the 10th Battalion and continued his service on the Western Front with the 50th Battalion. In August 1916 he was wounded at the battle for Mouquet Farm, but remained on duty. A year later he was severely wounded by shrapnel to the right thigh and arms and, after treatment in an English hospital, was invalided to Australia.
  • After the war he lived with his family in Semaphore, but had to survive one more blow, when their only child Edna died in 1922.

Alexander Allikas

  • Alexander Allikas, a seaman from Estonia, came to Australia in 1909 and settled in Arno Bay in South Australia.
  • He served with the 27th Battalion at Gallipoli and then, as a sapper, with the 7th Field Company Engineers on the Western Front. He was wounded at the Somme in November 1916 and then once again in April 1918 and invalided to Australia.
  • After the war he lived in Tasmania, having a large family with Beatrice Free, working as a labourer and occasionally putting to good use his knowledge of nautical knots.