Cezar Wolkowsky

Cezar Wolkowsky with daughters Sonia (left) and Marea and grandson Alyn
Courtesy of Tom Volkofsky

Russian spelling

Цезарь Иванович Волковский

Born 19.04.1894

Place Lipki, Skvira, Kiev, Ukraine

Ethnic origin Polish / Ukrainian

Religion Roman Catholic

Father Ivan Wolkowsky

Mother Kornelia Wolkowsky


wife Gwynnyth Rhodee Wolkowsky (nee Woodberry), married 1919; daughters Marea Victusya Wolkowsky, b. 1922 and Sonia Mae Wolkowsky, b. 1926


Brother Theofil Volkofsky

Residence before arrival at Australia Studied in a military school in Russia for 3 years

Arrived at Australia
from Russia
on 1.08.1914
per Berrima
disembarked at Sydney

Residence before enlistment Dubbo, Sydney

Occupation 1915 labourer; 1921 tram conductor

service number 1783
enlisted 26.05.1915
POE Liverpool, NSW
unit 19th Battalion
rank Private
place Gallipoli, 1915
casualties WIA 1915
final fate RTA 11.04.1916
discharged 24.12.1916 MU

Naturalisation 1923

Residence after the war Sydney

Died 1970, Burwood, Sydney


Digitised naturalisation (NAA)

Digitised service records (NAA)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM)

Alien registration (NAA)

Personal case file 1 2 (NAA)

Blog article



Newspaper articles

Sydney Bolsheviks. Russian Soviet. - The Newcastle Sun, 26 March 1919, p. 4

Brisbane Bolsheviks to be deported. - Geelong Advertiser, 27 March 1919, p. 3

Bolshevik organisations gaining power in Australia. - Barrier MIner, Broken Hill, 31 March 1919, p. 1

Bolshevik rule. The Russian Ideals. - Warwick Daily News, 3 April 1919, p. 8

The doctrine of liberty. - Warwick Daily News, 4 April 1919, p. 4

Danger of Bolshevism. - Western Star and Roma Advertiser, 5 April 1919, p. 4

From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

Cezar Wolkowsky [...] was considered 'to be of Bolshevik tendencies' because he 'contributed articles to papers of that type, advocating Bolshevik principles'. On the Investigation branch's recommendation, his naturalisation was rejected several times, which meant that he would lose his block of land (non-naturalised persons could not own land). But what worried him even more was that this decision had turned his Australian wife and their newborn daughter into alien subjects as well. Finally, he appealed to Senator Pearce, minister for Home and Territories: 'My military record is good and I am married to an Australian girl. I left for Gallipoli in 1915 willing to lay down my life, if needs be for the British Empire. I was very badly wounded in shoulder and was in receipt of pension for some considerable time. I was not refused permission to fight for the Empire and think now I should at least be allowed the privilege of living as an Australian with British Freedom.' Suspecting what had caused his rejection, he went on: 'During the Russian Chaos I being young and ignorant, was influenced by older Russians and was naturally at first in sympathy with the Bolsheviks, until I began to read and think for myself ... I then saw the mistake I had made and repented my folly in thinking the Bolsheviks good, and I assure you there are no more loyal subjects than my wife and I today.' It was this repentance, not his military service, that helped: those words in his letter were underlined by an official. Wolkowsky was finally granted naturalisation in 1923.