Makar Markoff

Russian spelling Макар Николаевич Марков
Born 1894 (application to enlist), 1896 (information from his father)
Place Melikhovo, Belogorod, Kursk, Russia
Ethnic origin Russian
Religion Church of England
Father Nikolai Markoff
Residence before arrival at Australia In 1912 left Moscow for Cardiff, employed on 'Zigrida'
Residence before enlistment Sydney
Occupation Fireman, miner
Naturalisation Served as Russian subject
Residence after the war Sydney, in the 1920s returned to Russia

Service #1

Service number 15662
Enlisted 13.09.1915
Place of enlistment Warwick Farm, NSW
Unit 1st FAB, 2nd DAC, 4th FAB
Rank Driver
Place Western Front, 1916-1917
Final fate RTA 14.01.1919
Discharged 14.06.1919


Digitised service records (NAA)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM) (Markopp)

Makar Nikolaievitch Markoff (Investigation Branch file) (NAA)


Елена Говор, Революционеры, анзаки и пионеры: к истории ранних курско-австралийских связей, "В боях познавшие радость побед..." Курский военно-исторический сборник, вып. 11, Курск, 2013, с. 36-54.

Blog article



Newspaper articles

'Russians fight. Why not a Bolshevik?', Sun (Sydney), 7 May 1919

From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

The Russian Anzacs were returning to Australia into the midst of the turmoil brought about by the Russian revolution and radical ideas in general. They had to choose whose side they were on; sometimes they had scores to settle, even among themselves. In May 1919 the Sun reported that two returned soldiers, 'Makar Markoff and Roman Ilupmaggi, who came from the land once ruled by the Czars, were settling their differences by means of fisticuffs yesterday afternoon in George St when Sgt Shakespeare came along and put his finger in the pie'. At the police court Ilupmaggi said that he came from the Baltic. 'Is that where the Bolsheviks come from?' Ilupmaggi was asked, to which he said, 'That's what the argument was about. Markoff asked me why I didn't speak Russian. I said I preferred to speak English, and then there was a fight.' They were each fined £1 for riotous behaviour. Ilupmaggi, a shoeing-smith, fought with the AIF from Gallipoli until almost the end of the war, when he was wounded; he remained in Australia and spoke English, which obviously stood for something more to him than just the language, as this conflict shows. Markoff, who was suspected of having bolshevist tendencies, stayed for a while in Sydney, becoming a regular visitor to the Domain on Sundays. His father, a peasant in central Russia, was meanwhile looking for him and, astonishingly, his appeal eventually reached as far as Winston Churchill and the Australian prime minister's office. Markoff finally returned to Russia, to his family -- and to an unknown fate.