Roman Ilupmaggi

Roman Ilupmaggi at Broadmedows, 1915

Alias Roman August Illopmeggi

Russian spelling

Роман Илупмаги

Born 16.03.1887

Place Revel (Tallinn), Estonia

Ethnic origin Estonian

Religion Lutheran

Father Kustas Illopmeggi

Mother Ann

Arrived at Australia

Residence before enlistment Sydney

Occupation Shoeing smith

service number 509
enlisted 2.11.1914
POE Sydney
unit 2nd Sig. Troop Engineers, 4th Battalion
rank Shoeing Smith, Sapper, Lance Corporal, Temporary Corporal
place Gallipoli, 1915; Western Front, 1916-1918
casualties WIA 1918

Naturalisation Served as Russian subject

Residence after the war NSW

Died 19.02.1952, Sydney


Digitised service records (NAA)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM)

Portrait of Illupmagee on horseback (AWM, DAOD0526)

Family tree on

Blog article



Newspaper articles

'Russians fight. Why not a Bolshevik?', Sun, Sydney, 7 May 1919

From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

The Russian Anzacs were returning to Australia into the midst of the turmoil brought about by the Russian revolution and radical ideas in general. They had to choose whose side they were on; sometimes they had scores to settle, even among themselves. In May 1919 the Sun reported that two returned soldiers, 'Makar Markoff and Roman Ilupmaggi, who came from the land once ruled by the Czars, were settling their differences by means of fisticuffs yesterday afternoon in George St when Sgt Shakespeare came along and put his finger in the pie'. At the police court Ilupmaggi said that he came from the Baltic. 'Is that where the Bolsheviks come from?' Ilupmaggi was asked, to which he said, 'That's what the argument was about. Markoff asked me why I didn't speak Russian. I said I preferred to speak English, and then there was a fight.' They were each fined £1 for riotous behaviour. Ilupmaggi, a shoeing-smith, fought with the AIF from Gallipoli until almost the end of the war, when he was wounded; he remained in Australia and spoke English, which obviously stood for something more to him than just the language, as this conflict shows. Markoff, who was suspected of having bolshevist tendencies, stayed for a while in Sydney, becoming a regular visitor to the Domain on Sundays. His father, a peasant in central Russia, was meanwhile looking for him and, astonishingly, his appeal eventually reached as far as Winston Churchill and the Australian prime minister's office. Markoff finally returned to Russia, to his family -- and to an unknown fate.