Cezar Wolkowsky from Lipki near Kiev in Ukraine came from a Polish family and studied in a military school in Russia. He sailed to Australia in 1914 on the invitation of his elder brother Theofil Volkofsky, who successfully settled in Bourke.
Enlisting in the AIF he came with the 19th Battalion to Gallipoli in August 1915 where he was severely wounded two weeks later and invalided to Australia in April 1916.
After the Russian revolution of 1917 Cezar supported Bolshevik ideas, but his marriage to the Australian girl Gwynnyth Woodberry and the Australian authorities’ refusal to naturalize him somewhat moderated his political allegiances. He worked as a tram conductor in Sydney and fathered two daughters, one of which, Marea, became a soprano singer and a writer.
Stanley Skowronski, a young Pole from Lodz, sailed at Sydney on the eve of the Great War with Gerard Skugar, another Pole from Vilno. Their occupations were recorded as artists. Stanley’s brother Joseph moved to Australia two years earlier. In Australia Stanley worked as a motor driver. Stanley joined the Polish Society and was involved in the organization of concerts to aid war victims, particularly in Poland.
He enlisted in the AIF a month after the Gallipoli landing, but stayed in the training depot and was discharged in September 1915 suffering from a bullet wound in the leg (a result of an accident).
After the war he settled in Sydney, married and established himself as glass etcher, patenting some of his technical inventions. He was also actively involved in Polish communal life in Sydney, becoming the president of the Polish National Alliance of Australia. In 1949 he left for Poland for a visit and his tracks disappear after that.