All, Kara, Wiseman, Allikas

May 31, 2015

Peter All

  • Peter All, an Estonian seaman from Saaremaa Island, came to Australia in 1914 and enlisted in the AIF in Sydney.
  • He sailed to Gallipoli with reinforcements to the 2nd Battalion. He continued his service on the Western Front where he died of wounds at the battle of the Somme in October 1916.
  • His widowed mother was found after the war in Estonia and was supported by an Australian pension.

Niilo Kara

  • Niilo Kara, a Finnish seaman from Pihlajavesi, Tampere, came to South Australia in 1914, deserting his ship.
  • He enlisted in Melbourne, came to Gallipoli with the 24th Battalion and was wounded in the right knee at the end of the Gallipoli campaign.
  • Being invalided to Australia, he settled in Manangatang, a soldier settlement in Victoria, becoming a wheat farmer, but later moved to Queensland working as a prospector and sugar cane cutter.
  • When WWII broke out he enlisted in the AIF once again and served in Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, and New Guinea.

Martin Wiseman

  • Martin Wiseman, a Latvian from Riga, settled in Semaphore (Port Adelaide) in South Australia, working as a stevedore and labourer. He married a local girl, Violet, and had a daughter.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he sailed to Gallipoli with the 10th Battalion and continued his service on the Western Front with the 50th Battalion. In August 1916 he was wounded at the battle for Mouquet Farm, but remained on duty. A year later he was severely wounded by shrapnel to the right thigh and arms and, after treatment in an English hospital, was invalided to Australia.
  • After the war he lived with his family in Semaphore, but had to survive one more blow, when their only child Edna died in 1922.

Alexander Allikas

  • Alexander Allikas, a seaman from Estonia, came to Australia in 1909 and settled in Arno Bay in South Australia.
  • He served with the 27th Battalion at Gallipoli and then, as a sapper, with the 7th Field Company Engineers on the Western Front. He was wounded at the Somme in November 1916 and then once again in April 1918 and invalided to Australia.
  • After the war he lived in Tasmania, having a large family with Beatrice Free, working as a labourer and occasionally putting to good use his knowledge of nautical knots.

Kallio, Wolkowsky, Skowronski

May 28, 2015

Tovio John Kallio

  • Tovio John Kallio from Vyborg in Finland came to South Australia in 1912 and was working as a farm hand on the Yorke Peninsula.
  • In the AIF he joined the 3rd Light Horse Regiment and fought at Gallipoli and in Egypt. In July 1916 he became seriously sick and was invalided to Australia.
  • After the war he married and farmed in Burra in South Australia. He was an active member of the local community and RSL.

Cezar Wolkowsky 

  • Cezar Wolkowsky from Lipki near Kiev in Ukraine came from a Polish family and studied in a military school in Russia. He sailed to Australia in 1914 on the invitation of his elder brother Theofil Volkofsky, who successfully settled in Bourke.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he came with the 19th Battalion to Gallipoli in August 1915 where he was severely wounded two weeks later and invalided to Australia in April 1916.
  • After the Russian revolution of 1917 Cezar supported Bolshevik ideas, but his marriage to the Australian girl Gwynnyth Woodberry and the Australian authorities’ refusal to naturalize him somewhat moderated his political allegiances. He worked as a tram conductor in Sydney and fathered two daughters, one of which, Marea, became a soprano singer and a writer.

Stanley Skowronski 

  • Stanley Skowronski, a young Pole from Lodz, sailed at Sydney on the eve of the Great War with Gerard Skugar, another Pole from Vilno. Their occupations were recorded as artists. Stanley’s brother Joseph moved to Australia two years earlier. In Australia Stanley worked as a motor driver. Stanley joined the Polish Society and was involved in the organization of concerts to aid war victims, particularly in Poland.
  • He enlisted in the AIF a month after the Gallipoli landing, but stayed in the training depot and was discharged in September 1915 suffering from a bullet wound in the leg (a result of an accident).
  • After the war he settled in Sydney, married and established himself as glass etcher, patenting some of his technical inventions. He was also actively involved in Polish communal life in Sydney, becoming the president of the Polish National Alliance of Australia. In 1949 he left for Poland for a visit and his tracks disappear after that.

Vesala, Dahlstrom, Lesnie

May 26, 2015

Frans Viktor Vesala

  • Frans Viktor Vesala, a Finnish seaman, came to Hobart in 1905. He worked in Hobart and Port Adelaide in coastal shipping.
  • Enlisting in the AIF as Carlson he came to Gallipoli with the 19th Battalion and was wounded during the August 1915 battles. Recovering, he continued his service on the Western Front where he was killed at the Somme in November 1916.
  • His relatives in the Finnish village of Koylio were found after the war.

Emil Dahlstrom

  • Emil Dahlstrom, a Finnish seaman, came to Australia on a Norwegian sailing ship from South America when the war broke out.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he fought at Gallipoli and on the Western Front, being wounded at Broodseinde near Ypres in October 1917. He recovered and won a Military Medal at the end of war risking his own life to save the wounded.
  • After the war he settled in Bomaderry near Nowra, marrying a local girl, Winifred Jones, and working as a PMG linesman.

Frank Bernard Hershorn Lesnie

  • Frank Bernard Hershorn Lesnie was born, according to his mother, in Warsaw. When he was a young child his family came to England, where he received good education. In around 1914 he emigrated to Australia, aiming to engage in farming.
  • He was rejected on medical grounds when he tried to enlist, but at the second attempt, after the Gallipoli landing, he succeeded and joined the 19th Battalion, later being transferred to the 17th Battalion. He enlisted under the name of Frank Bernard, a native of London. While serving in Gallipoli and on the Western Front he wrote detailed letters to his family in England, graphically describing his everyday life and horrors of war. In December 1916 he was granted leave and visited his family in London. In March 1917 he was killed during the attack on the German trenches near Bapaume.
  • After the war his mother, who moved to Australia, donated a copy of his war letters to the Australian War Memorial.

Jacobsen, Ek, Anderson

May 22, 2015

Charles Jacobsen

  • Charles Jacobsen from Latvia came to Western Australia in 1903 and made his living as dray carter and kangaroo shooter.
  • Enlisting in the AIF on the same day as Aaltonen, he sailed to Gallipoli with the 28th Battalion. He received a shrapnel wound to the head in December 1915, at the very end of the Gallipoli campaign. Although he recovered in Egypt, his wound re-opened just before he was due to leave for the Western Front, and he died from a cerebral abscess.

Emil Ek

  • Emil Ek from Abo (Turku) in Finland came to South Australia in 1907.
  • Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 27th Battalion at Gallipoli and then with the 2nd Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front. He was killed at the battle for Mennin Road at Ypres in September 1917.

John Arthur Anderson

  • John Arthur Anderson from Vaasa in Finland came to Western Australia probably as a seaman in 1902. He spent some time on gold digging, worked as a labourer and on railway construction. In 1910 he married an Australian girl, Blanche Janes, and they settled in Marrinup in south-west Western Australia.
  • Enlisting in the AIF, Anderson came to Gallipoli with the reinforcements to the 16th Battalion and was severely wounded in the leg six days later during the Chunuk Bair Turkish attack in August 1915. He was evacuated to an English hospital and later returned to Australia as medically unfit.
  • After the war he moved with his family to Perth and worked as a tarpaulin maker.

Harbert, Toivonen, Aaltonen

May 18, 2015

Gershun Harbert

  • Gershun Harbert, a Polish Jew, was a tailor who moved first to London, where his relatives lived, and in 1910 sailed to Australia.
  • Enlisting to the AIF he served with the 4th Battalion at Gallipoli and with 59th on the Western Front, where he was killed in the battle for Sugarloaf salient in July 1916.

Emil Evert Toivonen

  • Emil Evert Toivonen was a labourer from Helsinki in Finland.
  • Enlisiting in the AIF in Sydney, he fought with the 19th Battalion at Gallipoli, where he was wounded in the eye in September 1915. Recovering, he returned to the trenches. He was wounded in the shoulder at the Somme on the Western Front in November 1916 and gassed in June 1918. The last months of the war he served in the UK in the Australian Provost Corps.
  • He was discharged in England, intending to return to Finland.

Emil Alarik Aaltonen

  • Emil Alarik Aaltonen from Abo in Finland came to Australia in 1909 and worked as a labourer in Bunbury in Western Australia.
  • The first time he enlisted was in October 1914, but he was discharged ten weeks later. He reenlisted in May 1915 and sailed to Gallipoli with the 28th Battalion. He got seriously sick there with paratyphoid and was invalided to Australia. In 1916 he tried to reenlist again, but was rejected on medical grounds.
  • He stayed after the war in Bunbury.

Raitt, Haapanen, Morozoff

May 10, 2015

Charles Henry Raitt

  • Charles Henry Raitt was a Britisher with a long-lasting connection with Russia. His grandfather, Charles Raitt, an officer in the British Army, in 1835 married Anne Hill, who was born in St Peterburg. Her ancestors – Hills, Wishaws, Focks, and Ammers – lived in St Petersburg since the eighteenth century. For instance her great grandfather Bernhard Fock worked as a gardener for the Russian Emperor’s family since the 1730s. In the 1830s Charles and Anne Raitt came to Australia and started a family, but their son Arthur returned to St Petersburg where Charles Henry was born in about 1869. The latter, according to his service records, spent a number of years in the British consular service in Russia. He received a good education and came to Australia in the 1880s working as an accountant and then as a bank manager in Melbourne.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he was appointed a commander of A Company of the newly formed 21st Battalion with the rank of Major. His war experience started in a dramatic way when his ship, the Southland, on approach to Gallipoli, was torpedoed with loss of life. Raitt survived the ordeal but his nervous system was shattered, which aggravated his other health issues. He was invalived to Australia and continued his service in the depot as a commanding officer, where his knowledge of Russian was occasionally put to use. Being discharged in early 1917, he reenlisted into the Sea Transport Service Unit, travelling to England and back to Melbourne.
  • After the final discharge from the army he could not find a job and his family life began to crumble; by that time he had three children. After separation with his wife he left for the US in 1920 and settled in La Grange, Illinois. In 1942 he applied to enlist in the army, taking ten years off his age.

Toivo Alexander Haapanen

  • Toivo Alexander Haapanen, a Finnish seaman from Tammerfors (Tampere), came to Australia in 1913 and worked in outback New South Wales and Queensland.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Goondiwindi, he served with the 15th Battalion at Gallipoli and later in the Camel Corps in Egypt, where he became sick. Recovering in Australia he reenlisted and joined the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force with which he served in New Britain.
  • After the war he continued his outback lifestyle, working as as seaman and carpenter in the Northern Territory, Kimberly and Broome. During the Second World War he enlisted in the AIF and served in Broome.

Alfroniza Morozoff

  • Alfroniza Morozoff had deserted from the Russian naval ship Gromoboi when it visited Australia to take part in the celebrations for Federation in 1901. His original name was probably Afanasy Kargopolov, but he changed it to Morozoff and then to Jack Morris. Similarly variable was the place of his birth – from Odessa in Ukraine to Tobolsk in Siberia. He worked as a bridge carpenter at Bunyip Swamp in Gippsland, Victoria, but by the time of enlistment migrated to Cloncurry in North Queensland.
  • Enlisting in the AIF, he went to Egypt with the 25th Battalion, but was returned soon to Australia as medically unfit. He reenlisted once again, but was discharged due to a fracture of his left kneecap.
  • After the war he continued his wandering life in North Queensland.

Pertel, Jofs, Pivinski

May 7, 2015

Charles Pertel

  • Charles Pertel was most likely a native of Arensburg (Kuressaare) in Estonia, although in the notice about his death a local newspaper wrote that he was born in Moscow. He came to Port Pirie in 1908 as a sailor and worked in the South Australian Coastal shipping company.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he served with the 12th Battalion at Gallipoli and later with the 52nd on the Western Front, where he was wounded twice at Mouquet Farm in September 1916 and at Dernancourt in April 1918.
  • After the war he lived in Broken Hill, working as a rigger. He married a local girl, Edith White, in 1927, but sadly she died the next year, leaving him with a young daughter. During WWII Pertel enlisted in the Volunteer Defence Corps and died while serving in the army. His war medals were recently found by Glyn Llanwarne and returned to his daughter.

Jacob Lamban Jofs

  • Jacob Lamban Jofs was a machinist fron Vaasa in Finland.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he served at Gallipoli with the 13th Battalion and was killed in November 1915, at the end of the Gallipoli campaign, being the last Russian born Anzac to be killed in Gallipoli.
  • His sister Anna, who settled in Wisconsin, USA, was found after the war and received his medals.

Walter Pivinski

  • Walter Pivinski, a Ukrainian sailor from Odessa, served in the Russian Navy for two years.
  • He enlisted in the AIF soon after arrival to Australia and sailed with the 18th Battalion to Gallipoli. In August 1915, in the battle for 971 Hill, he was ‘wounded on the left eye with a bayonet’, also had shrapnel wounds to the hand, a ‘fracture of skull’, and was ‘wounded to the back through explosion of shell’. After recovering in Australia he reenlisted, but experiencing severe headaches on the boat he was returned to Australia from Egypt.
  • After the war he went to America and enlisted in the US Army, serving in Manila. He later married and lived in Tacoma, Washington.

Lopaten, McCleland, Pennanen

May 5, 2015

Vladimir Lopaten

  • Vladimir Lopaten from Alexino near Smolensk came to Queensland in 1913 via Far East; in Australia he worked in the railway construction.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Longreach joined Smagin and Volkoff in the 15th Battalion and sailed with them per Karoola to Gallipoli. He was wounded five days after the landing in August 1915 at the Lone Pine battle. His countryman Volkoff was killed the next day. Lopaten with gunshot wound to the chest and right lung was evacuated to Australia.
  • He mastered a trade of printer, married an Australian girl Elsie Clarkson and raised a family.

Kenneth Cyril McCleland

  • Kenneth Cyril McCleland was a Briton born in Moscow; his family had connections with Russia lasting for generations. His mother Ann Schanks was born in Moscow as well, where her father, a British subject, was trading with habedershary. Kenneth’s father died when he was young and his mother moved to England, where Kenneth was educated at the Oxford University. He came to Australia in 1913, bought land and started an orchard at Tresco near Lake Boga in Victoria.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he served in Egypt and Palestine in the Light Horse Field Ambulance and later in the Machine Gun Squadron. During the Gaza operations in April 1917 McCleland, according to his commander, ‘did splendid work for at least four hours under heavy shell and rifle fire in the capacity of AMC orderly. […] Although wounded early in the engagement he still carried on’. He was awarded Distinguished Conduct Medal for his bravery.
  • After the war he went to Samarai Island in Papua New Guinea and then worked as a patrol officer in Buna Bay. In 1922 he married a Melbourne girl Cecil MacDevitt, but the next year, as they were going to travel south for holidays, he died of blackwater fever in Samarai Hospital.

Alfred Henrik Pennanen

  • Alfred Henrik Pennanen was a ship’s fireman from Vyborg in Finland. By the time he landed in Australia not long before the enlistment he has travelled several times around the world.
  • Enlisting in Sydney in the 19th Battalion he served at Gallipoli and on the Western Front. He was killed at Pozieres in July 1916.
  • His parents in Vyborg were found after his death.

Gedwillo, Kozakoff, Kachan

May 1, 2015

Alexander Gedwillo

  • Alexander Gedwillo came from Riga in Latvia and was of Polish ethnic origin. He probably came to Australia as a seaman and lived in New South Wales working as a carpenter.
  • He served in the AIF in Field Ambulance on the Western Front and was killed in the Somme battle in December 1916.

Evan Kozakoff

  • Evan Kozakoff from Moscow came to Australia having behind 4 years of Russian Army service. He was an engine driver by trade.
  • Enlisting in the AIF he was appointed as a nurse on the hospital ship Karoola, worked in the Clearing Station in Gallipoli, but upon reaching Western Front he was discharged for insufficient knowledge of English.
  • He planned to return to Russia.

John Kachan

  • John Kachan, a Ukrainian from Berdichev, served in the Russian Army in artillery and fought in the Russo-Japanese War.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Bundaberg and served at Gallipoli as a signaller, but got gravely mentally sick and died soon after return to Australia.
  • He is missing from the Roll of Honour.