Alias Karl Nurmi (AIF service); Osker (Oskar) Madson (true name)
Place Kotka, Finland
Ethnic origin Finnish
Father Herman Nurmi [Madson]
Arrived at Australia
disembarked at Hobart (deserted)
Residence before enlistment Perth
Occupation Fireman, miner, sleeper cutter
final fate deserted 3.09.1917
Naturalisation Served as Russian subject, appl. 1922
Residence after the war Mount Morgan, Bendigo, Orbost, Sydney, Melbourne
Digitised service records (NAA) (Nurmi)
Court martial file (NAA) (Nurmi/Madson)
Intelligence Branch file (NAA) (Nurmi/Mathson)
Oscar Mattson. 'Fast workers die young'. - Workers' Weekly, Sydney, 30 August 1929, p. 3.
'Red Flag'. Court disturbed. Songs in cells. - Sun, Sydney, 24 October 1930, p. 11.
Fight Hogan and Scullin. Deportation threat tp workers. - Workers' Weekly, Sydney, 31 October 1930, p. 1.
Communist activities. - Kalgoorlie Miner, 11 November 1930, p. 4.
From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:
It may have been unofficial practice to place Russians, whose English was deficient, in non-combatant units -- according to the Finn Karl Nurmi (Osker Madson), a former fireman, when about to embark, 'not being able to speak the English language fluently, I was withdrawn and transferred to the tunnellers'.