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Fuks, Lileystrom, Levet, Mast, Lakovsky

August 18, 2018

John Henry Fuks

  • John Henry Fuks, an Estonian from Derpt (Tartu), served in the Russian Army and participated in the Russo-Japanese War. He came to Australia in 1913 as a fireman and lived in Melbourne and Sydney working as a seaman, engineer and fitter.
  • Enlisting in the AIF as Jan Heinrich Fuks, he came with the 1st Pioneer Battalion to England, but arrived too late to go to the Western Front. He worked in a military hospital as a wardsman and interpreter.
  • While in England, he married Kathleen Bride Collins and returned with his wife to Australia. They took a soldier scheme farm at Yenda and raised a large family there. Their son John David fought in WWII in Malaya.

Hjalmar Lileystrom

  • Hjalmar Lileystrom, a Finnish seaman from Kotka, was living in Melbourne by the time of his enlistment in the AIF.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Melbourne and took the oath, but was discharged a few days later.
  • In the following years he continued his occupation of a fireman.

Jacob Hendry Levet

  • Jacob Hendry Levet, an Estonian seaman from Revel (Tallinn), came to Australia in May 1917.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Melbourne the day after Lileystrom, and his service did not last long either. He continued serving on British ships as a merchant seaman and was awarded a medal by the British government.
  • After the war he continued seafaring, naturalising in the USA. He continued to serve on the ships during WWII and died in 1942.

Joseph Mast

  • Joseph Mast, an Estonian from Arensburg (Kuressaare), came to Australia together with Levet in May 1917 as a greaser.
  • They joined the AIF together, and Mast was soon discharged as well.
  • After the war, he continued seafaring in the Pacific Ocean and in the Baltic Sea in 1920s.

David Lakovsky

  • David Lakovsky, a Jewish man, was born in Ekaterinoslav (Dnipro) in Ukraine and emigrated with his family to Australia as a child in 1903. They lived in Fremantle, Kalgoorlie, and Broken Hill, finally moving to Sydney, where David had some training in the Home Defence.
  • Enlisting in the AIF at the age of 19, he was allocated to artillery units and had some training in Liverpool in England, but arrived on the Western Front soon after the Armistice.
  • He was discharged in London and went to America, where he changed his name to David Lake. He married Hannah Brumer and returned to Australia in the 1920s, later working as the general sales manager of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures.

Blasser, Jarvenpaa, Soin, Lambert

August 11, 2018

Kurst Blasser

  • Kurst Blasser from Dago (Hiiumaa) Island in Estonia lived in Sydney working as a sailmaker and rigger by the time of his enlistment in the AIF.
  • Enlisting in December 1917, he joined the 34th Battalion on the Western Front in July 1918, but was injured a week later and repatriated to Australia.
  • After his discharge he tried to enlist once again, in May 1919, to be a concentration camp guard, but was not attested. In 1920 he applied for a war pension, but disappears from the records after that.

Ivar Jarvenpaa

  • Ivar Jarvenpaa, a seaman from Hämeenlinna in Finland, came to Australia in 1913, deserting from his ship, and worked in Sydney as a labourer.
  • He enlisted in the AIF and took the oath, but was re-examined and rejected a few days later.
  • He stayed in Sydney, and in June 1919 died in Waterfall Sanatorium.

Leonard Soin

  • Leonard Soin, a seaman from Abo (Turku) in Finland, came to Australia in 1913 and served on the ships in Sydney; he also had the trade of fitter and turner.
  • He first tried to enlist in Western Australia in 1915, but was rejected because of poor English. In December 1917 he was accepted and reached the Western Front in October 1918 with the 3rd Field Artillery Brigade, serving as a driver.
  • After the war he married an Australian girl, Florence Hayes, and lived in Sydney, continuing his occupation as a seaman, but after the death of their daughter Elsie in 1929, their marriage did not last and Leonard moved to Victoria, where he worked as a fitter.

George Washington Lambert

  • George Washington Lambert was born in St Petersburg, where his father, an American engineer, was working. His father died before George was born and his mother with the children moved first to Germany and then to England. In 1887, when George was 13, they emigrated to Australia. Here he studied art and became a professional artist. In 1900 he married Amelia Beatrice Absell and had two sons.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in England, George Lambert was appointed an official war artist. During 1918-1919 he visited Egypt, Palestine, the Western Front, and Gallipoli, where he made numerous sketches which were later turned into famous battle paintings including ‘Anzac, the landing 1915’ and ‘A sergeant of the Light Horse’.
  • Lambert returned to Australia in 1921, continuing his career as an artist and winning the Archibald Prize in 1927.

Tamppinen, Kaipanen, Doobrofsky, Isaacs, Halin, Samson

January 4, 2018

Vaina Tamppinen

  • Vaina Tamppinen, a Finn from Helsingfors (Helsinki), came to Queensland as a baby with his parents, the followers of Matti Kurikka, in 1900. His father died soon after the arrival and his mother remarried. By the time of his enlistment in the AIF he was farming in Nambour in Queensland.
  • In November 1917, at the age of 18, he enlisted in the AIF in Brisbane. With the reinforcements to the 31st Battalion he reached the Western Front in October 1918 and stayed there for the next nine months, working after the Armistice in the Australian Graves detachment.
  • After the war he married Lillian Grace Edith May Krosch, and lived in Nambour working as a carter, labourer and shopkeeper. He also conducted work for the local RSL.

Emil Kaipanen

  • Emil Kaipanen, a Finnish seaman from Helsingfors (Helsinki), came to Australia in 1908 and worked as a sailor on the ships.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he reached the Western Front with the 35th Battalion in July 1918. A few days after his arrival to the front, he was wounded to the right arm and evacuated to England.
  • After the war he returned to Australia and was working on the missionary ship ‘John Williams’. In 1920 he naturalised, but soon after that disappears from the Australian records. It is quite likely that he died in England in 1924.

George Doobrofsky

  • George Doobrofsky, a Russian from Petrograd, arrived at Australia as a sailor in November 1917 from California, where he had registered for army service.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, a week after his arrival, he sailed to England with the 1st Pioneers Battalion, but reached the Western Front only after the Armistice.
  • After the war he continued working as a seaman and labourer, occasionally getting in trouble with the law; in the 1930s he was suspected to be a Communist.

Harry Isaacs

  • Harry Isaacs, a Jewish man from Jakobstadt (Jekabpils) in Latvia, spent several years in Argentina and England before coming to Australia. In 1912 he came to Australia with his wife, Minnie, and settled in Melbourne, where he worked as a hair dresser and hawker.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in November 1917 in secret from his wife, he was discharged three weeks later because his wife was in ill health.
  • After the war he lived with his growing family in Melbourne, visiting South Africa, where their relatives lived. During WWII he joined the AIF again and served as a batman in Kantara in Greece.

John Halin

  • John Halin, a Finnish rigger from Abo (Turku), came to Australia in 1908 and worked on the ships, being based in Port Adelaide and Newcastle.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Newcastle in November 1917, but was discharged soon afterwards.
  • In 1920 he left for the USA, where he continued working in his occupation of a rigger. In 1925 he married a Finnish woman Ruth and settled in California. During WWII he registered for US Army service.

Antonio Samson

  • Antonio Samson, a Pole from Kurkliai in Lithuania, came to Australia in June 1917 as a seaman.
  • In November 1917 he enlisted in the AIF in Sydney, but was discharged two months later.
  • Soon after that he disappears from the records.

Rossi, Trellick, Gyllensten, Saari, Smelga

December 25, 2017

Enoch Rossi

  • Enoch Rossi, a Finnish seaman from Kuopio, came to Sydney at the end of 1915.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Townsville in October 1917, he served with the 49th Battalion on the Western Front.
  • In 1919, while in London, he married Finnish woman Ilma Keihonen and returned to Australia with her. After the war they lived in Brisbane, where he worked as a fitter. The marriage did not last long. By 1926 Enoch moved to Melbourne, changing his surname to Ross. There he worked as a labourer and cement worker. During WWII he enlisted in the AIF and served in the garrison battalion.

Harry Trellick

  • Harry Trellick, a Latvian seaman from Libava (Liepaja), came to Australia in 1906 and worked on the ships in Victoria.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Melbourne, he served with the 3rd Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front.
  • After the war he married an Australian girl, Lily Guthrie, settled in Melbourne and continued serving on the ships.

Carl Eric Gyllensten

  • Carl Eric Gyllensten from Helsingfors (Helsinki) came to Sydney in 1912. Australian newspapers later reported that he turned out to be a Russian Count who lost his fortune in the financial crash of a London bank. He worked as a surveyor, visiting Darwin and Papua in New Guinea.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Port Augusta, SA, Gyllensten was allocated to the Medical Corps reinforcements and served in England. After the war he took a course in surveying at King’s College, London, and returned to Australia in September 1919 as a nursing staff member aboard a troopship.
  • After the war he settled in South Australia, taking a block of land in Berri not long before his premature death.

Hugo Michael Walter Saari

  • Hugo Michael Walter Saari from Marihamn in Finland came to Australia in 1914, probably as a seaman, and worked as a labourer.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he served with the 15th Company Engineers and the Motor Transport Section in France, arriving there after the armistice.
  • After the war he vagabonded all over Australia, worked as a seaman and often got into trouble with the police for his disorderly behaviour, being known by his Australian nickname, Pappinburra Bill.

John Smelga

  • John Smelga, a Latvian seaman from Riga, came to Melbourne in October 1917 and enlisted in the AIF three weeks later.
  • Enlisting in the AIF as John Smilga, he sailed with the 39th Battalion to the Western Front, but received a head wound on the ship and, upon reaching London, was finally returned to Australia.
  • While in London he married Florence Quinn, who joined him in Australia in 1920. They settled in Melbourne, where he was working as a waterside worker.

Fager, Aalto, Lahti, Lindquist, Abrahamovitch

November 11, 2017

David Fager

  • David Fager, a Finnish seaman from Helsingfors (Helsinki), was working in Port Pirie as a labourer by the time of his enlistment.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Port Pirie, but was discharged a few days later as medically unfit.
  • After the war, in 1919, he appears in the Police Gazette of South Australia as an Italian subject living in Port Pirie, but after that his trail disappears.

Gustaf Nikolai Aalto

  • Gustaf Nikolai Aalto, a Finnish seaman from the Abo (Turku) area, came to Australia in 1911 and was working on the ships in Sydney.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he arrived with the 2nd Battalion in England, but became sick and was returned to Australia.
  • After the war he moved to Mackay in Queensland, where he worked as a labourer and waterside worker. For years his address was ‘Town Beach, Mackay’, where he was probably camping.

Albert Lahti

  • Albert Lahti, a Finnish seaman from Vyborg, came to Australia in 1914 and continuing seafaring, visiting different Australian ports.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he served with the 35th Battalion on the Western Front.
  • After the war continued serving on ships sailing from Sydney.

Lars Walter Lindquist

  • Lars Walter Lindquist, a Finnish ship’s fireman from Helsingfors (Helsinki), was in Sydney working as a labourer by the time of his enlistment.
  • Enlisting in the AIF together with Lahti, he served on the Western Front with the 4th Battalion and 1st Ammunition Unit.
  • After the war he lived in Newcastle.

Henry George Abrahamovitch

  • Henry George Abrahamovitch, a Jewish man from Warsaw (he also stated to be born in Odessa), came to Australia as a seaman in about 1903. He worked in Victoria as a rabbit trapper.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in October 1917 in Melbourne, he served as an orderly in hospital, but was discharged two weeks later as medically unfit. He made a new attempt to enlist in May 1918, but his service did not last long. During the war he published two patriotic songs and contributed articles to newspapers.
  • After the war he carried his swag around New South Wales. During WWII he made a new attempt to enlist in the AIF in spite of the fact that he was sixty years old.

Kensman, Lottanen, Rytko, Farm, Smitt

October 17, 2017

John Joseph Kensman

  • John Joseph Kensman, a seaman from Libava (Liepaja) in Latvia, was living in the Sailors’ Home in Port Adelaide by the time of his enlistment in the AIF.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Adelaide in October 1917, he was discharged two months later as medically unfit.
  • In 1918 he returned to the USA and attempted to enlist in the US Army; by that time he was working as a riveter in the Submarine Boat Corps.

Wilhelm Lottanen

  • Wilhelm Lottanen, a Finnish seaman from Vyborg, came to Australia in 1915 and by the time of his enlistment was in Sydney, working as a labourer.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he served with the 3rd Battalion on the Western Front, where he was gassed in August 1918.
  • After the war he married an Australian girl, Catherine McGirvan, and settled in Newcastle, where he worked as a labourer.

Anton Rytko

  • Anton Rytko, a Finnish seaman from Sakkijarvi, came to Sydney in June 1916 and worked as a labourer.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he served with the 4th Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front.
  • After the war he lived in Sydney, working as a labourer.

Oscar Emmanuel Farm

  • Oscar Emmanuel Farm, a Finnish seaman from Helsingfors, came to Australia in 1905 and lived in Sydney.
  • Enlisting in the AIF together with Rytko, he served with the 4th Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front.
  • After the war he lived in Sydney and died early.

Frederik Smitt

  • Frederik Smitt, an Estonian seaman from Piarnu, came to Australia in December 1916, deserting from his ship.
  • He enlisted in the AIF together with Rytko and Farm and served with the 4th Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front.
  • After the war he lived in different cities in Australia and continued working as a seaman.

Alto, Jurgens, Zygas

October 8, 2017

John Alto

  • John Alto, a Finnish seaman from Varkaus, came to South Australia in 1909. He worked as a seaman and labourer in the port cities of the state, but later moved to New South Wales.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney in September 1917, he was discharged a few days later as medically unfit.
  • After the war he married an Australian girl, Martha Margaret Williams, and lived with his family in the Newcastle area, working as a fitter.

Alexander Jurgens

  • Alexander Jurgens, an Estonian seaman from Piarnu, came to San Francisco in 1915 and then sailed to Sydney where he worked as a labourer.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Sydney the same day with Alto and was similarly discharged a few days later.
  • In January 1918 he was already in San Francisco where, being unemployed, he tried to enlist in the American Army.
  • He stayed in the city, serving on the ships, and naturalised in 1925.

Stanley Zygas

  • Stanley Zygas, a Lithuanian sailor from Survilishkis, came to South Australia in 1909 and worked as an agricultural labourer and handyman.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Adelaide, he served with the 32nd and 50th battalions on the Western Front.
  • After the war, in July 1919, he married Kathleen Green in London and returned to Australia with his wife. They lived in the Adelaide suburbs, where Stanley worked as a mechanic.

Atoff, Baeff, Johansen, Costin

October 3, 2017

Mik Atoff

  • Mik Atoff, an Ossetian from Khristianovskoe (Digora), was working as a miner in Queensland and New South Wales.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in West Maitland, he served with the 1st Battalion on the Western Front. He was recommended for an award for the battles of August 1918, setting ‘a fine standard of devotion to duty and soldierly bearing in action’. He never got the medal as in September he joined his mates in protest, as they were sent to battle instead of being relieved. He was court martialled, but the sentence was suspended after the war.
  • After the war her was returned to Australia, but later left for Russia.

Daniel Baeff

  • Daniel Baeff, another Ossetian, would later tell Australians that he served in a Cossack regiment in Russia. He came to Sydney in 1913 and was working as a colliery wheeler with Mik Atoff in Kurri Kurri. He also was known as a trainer and jockey.
  • He enlisted together with Atoff in the AIF, but was discharged a few days later as medically unfit.
  • Although he had left his wife behind in Russia, after the war he stayed in Australia, working in Queensland and New South Wales.

Vallance Johansen

  • Vallance Johansen, a Finnish seaman from Tenala (Turku), came to Newcastle in 1911.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Broken Hill, but was discharged a month later as medically unfit, as his foot had been crushed in an earlier accident.
  • After the war he lived in Adelaide working as a labourer. He married an Australian girl, Dorothy Langley, and died early, leaving three young children.

John Costin

  • John Costin, a Russian seaman from Riga, came to Australia in 1914 and was working as a labourer in country NSW.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Grafton, he served with the 53rd Battalion on the Western Front. Soon after his arrival to the front, in April 1918, he was gassed. Recovering in England, he returned to the front in August 1918 and was killed two weeks later in the attack on Peronne.
  • His mother in Riga was never found. When enlisting in the army he made his will out to the Red Cross in Sydney.

Rappeport, Lindquist, Malberg, Nyman

September 28, 2017

Lionel Rappeport

  • Lionel Rappeport, a Jewish man from Nikopol in Ukraine, came to Western Australia in 1902 with his parents; he was trained as a tailor, but settling in Australia, he worked as a boot salesman and later as a keeper of a wine and soft drink saloon and as a fruiterer.
  • He enlisted in the AIF in Perth but was discharged four months later as medically unfit.
  • After the war he continued working in Perth as a fruiterer and greengrocer. He was married to a woman named Miriam and they had four children.

Walerian Lindquist

  • Walerian Lindquist, a Finnish seaman from Tavastehus (Hämeenlinna), worked in the USA, came to Australia in January 1916, and lived in Newcastle working as a rigger, sailor and labourer. In February 1917 he asked for money for a drink posing as a returned soldier, and was sentenced to six months hard labour.
  • Upon release from prison he enlisted in the AIF in September 1917 in Newcastle, but was discharged a week later as medically unfit.
  • After the war he returned to the USA.

William Malberg

  • William Malberg, an Estonian from Revel (Tallinn), by 1917 was working as a labourer in Salter Springs in South Australia.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Adelaide, he served with the 48th Battalion on the Western Front. In September 1918, at the advance south of Peronne, he was wounded in the arm. Recovering, he received some training in the workshops in England and returned to Australia.
  • After the war his trail disappears.

Gustav Nyman

  • Gustav Nyman from Finland was working in Merredin, Western Australia, as a farm hand by the time of his enlistment in the AIF.
  • Enlisting in Merredin, he served with the 16th Battalion on the Western Front. In August 1918, at the Amiens advance, he was wounded in the arm and returned to Australia.
  • After the war he lived in the mining areas of Western Australia, working as a labourer.

Nieminen, Sacks, Barzel, Susil

September 23, 2017

Urho Oscar Nieminen

  • Urho Oscar Nieminen, a Finnish sailor from Tampere, was working as a labourer in Chinchilla, Queensland by the time of his enlistment in the AIF.
  • His first enlistment was in Roma, Queensland, in June 1916, but he was discharged three months later as medically unfit. In August 1917, enlisting in Sydney as a bootmaker, he was accepted and sailed with troops to England. While in the training camp in Liverpool, he became sick and was returned to Australia.
  • After the war his trail disappears.

Bennett Solomon Sacks

  • Bennett Solomon Sacks, a Jewish man from the unidentifiable ‘Waigove, Russia’, had relatives in South Africa. By the time of his enlistment in the AIF he was a widower and lived in Melbourne, being an ostrich feather merchant.
  • Enlisting in the AIF in Melbourne, he served with the 46th Battalion on the Western Front. After the armistice he was detached to the Brigade Headquarters.
  • After the war he lived in Melbourne, continuing his business.

Abraham Barzel

  • Abraham Barzel, a Jewish man from Poland, moved with his parents as a child to Egypt, and after 10 years there, in 1912 immigrated to Sydney, from where he moved to Western Australia, working as blacksmith and miner.
  • His first enlistment in the AIF was in Perth in September 1916, but he was discharged at his own request. His second enlistment was in August 1917 in Geraldton, but he was discharged a month later. His third attempt to enlist was in February 1918, but he was discharged a month later.
  • After the war he lived in Fremantle, working as a lumper.

Ladislav Susil

  • Ladislav Susil enlisted in the AIF as a ‘Russian Bohemian’, but was an Austrian subject from Slavkov in Moravia. When he was 17 he ran away from home and served as a sailor in the USA. In August 1914 he came to Australia, was arrested as an Austrian subject, and placed in a POW camp. He managed to escape several times from the camps in New South Wales and Victoria. While working, he posed as Russian and even registered as a Russian alien.
  • In August 1917 he enlisted in the AIF in Wagga Wagga but was discharged two months later.
  • In June 1919, when alien regulations still were in force, he surrendered as destitute and was deported to his motherland. In 1924 he moved to the USA.