John William Blankenberg


AWM memorial panel 101

Born 1891

Place Riga, Latvia

Ethnic origin German / Latvian?

Religion Lutheran

Mother Nathalia Blankenberg

Arrived at Australia

Residence before enlistment Melbourne

Occupation AB Seaman

Service
service number 4363
enlisted 18.01.1916
POE Melbourne
unit 24th Battalion
rank Private
place Western Front, 1916-1918
casualties WIA 1918
awards MM (7.10.18 LG)
final fate KIA 5.10.1918
cemetery 444 Calvaire Cemetery, Montbrehain, France

Materials

Digitised service records (NAA)

Digitised Embarkation roll entry (AWM)

Digitised recommendation for award 1 2 (AWM)

Digitised Roll of Honour circular (AWM)

John William Blankenberg in Anzac Diversity, educational resource (AWM)

Blog article

Russian

English

From Russian Anzacs in Australian History:

Another hero of these months was John William Blankenberg, a former seaman of German origin from Riga. In March 1918 he had been gassed when his 24th Battalion came under mustard-gas attack. Soon after rejoining his unit, he took part in the attack on Ville-sur-Ancre, near Albert, on the night of 19 May [1918], during which 'he showed a total disregard of all danger' and 'outstanding gallantry', according to the citation for his Military Medal. It stated: 'he was always found on the forefront of the fighting with his platoon officer. When the attacking party was temporarily held up and casualties inflicted by an enemy machine gun he threw a bomb into the post and then helped two of our wounded out of danger. When his party advanced again he helped his officer to rush another post, put the crew out of action and captured a gun.'

The same incidents featured in Bean's Official History: '[Lieutenant] Edgerton and his batman, a Russian named Blankenberg, at once threw bombs in the direction of the sound and half a dozen stick-grenades burst about them in reply. Four men were wounded ...'. Again, when 'Edgerton with his batman as companion' were out on reconnaissance, they came upon a German post; they 'had only one bomb left; but he took the chance, threw the bomb, and, under cover of its burst, dashed for the post. When he was five yards away the Germans began to put out their heads again. The first was shot by Edgerton and his Russian, and the remainder surrendered. ... Edgerton sent [back] the prisoners and the machine-gun in charge of Blankenberg.'

The citation also mentioned some additional mopping-up Blankenberg assisted in when daylight came up, which resulted in the capture of a second gun. Blankenberg had reason to be merciless towards the enemy, according to a letter he wrote to his Australian girlfriend: during the war one of his brothers, he said, was 'shot, another wounded, third and mother burnt, as their village was burnt'. Although the award was made, Blankenberg did not live long enough to receive his medal; he was killed in October. Eric Edgerton, the young officer he served as batman, a university student, was killed in August 1918.