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Leppanen, Loune, Mike, Norrgrann, Adamson

Henry Leppanen

  • Henry Leppanen from Vyborg in Finland lived in South Africa and came to Australia in about 1898. He worked as a cabinet maker in Sydney.
  • Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 36th Battalion on the Western Front until he got sick and was returned to Australia.
  • After the war he worked as a shipwright.

Karl Loune

  • Karl Loune, an Estonian from Narva, came to Australia in about 1909, probably as a seaman. He lived in Sydney working as a boiler maker.
  • Enlisting in the AIF, he served in the 1st Tunneling Company on the Western Front. He was killed in September 1918 during the advance on the Hindenburg Line.
  • His Australian friend Mary Ann Ives commemorated his death in a newspaper advertisement.

Alexander Mike

  • Alexander Mike (his true name was Maiko), a Belarusian from Zatitova Sloboda in Minsk Province, in 1909 left Russia for Canada. After working in Canada and the USA, he came to Australia in 1915. After working on railway construction and as a farm labourer, he enlisted in the AIF in Sydney.
  • He served with the 30th Battalion on the Western Front. In May 1918 he was severely wounded in the chest at the battle for Corbie.
  • After the war, having spent many months in hospitals, he started farming in Gosford. In 1924 he married an Australian girl, Florence May Gallard, and raised a family, writing his memoirs for them.

Frederick Henry Norrgrann

  • Frederick Henry Norrgrann, a sailor from Kristinestad in Finland, came to Australia in 1912 and was farming near Port Stephens in NSW.
  • Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 35th Battalion on the Western Front. In October 1917 he was wounded at Passchendaele in the leg, but recovered and rejoined his unit in September 1918. Three weeks later he was killed during the advance on Hindenburg Line.
  • His mother was found after the war in Finland.

Paul Adamson

  • Paul Adamson, an Estonian seaman from Revel (Tallinn), served 18 months in the Russian army, coming to Australia in 1910.
  • In January 1916 he enlisted in the AIF for the third time. He was discharged four months later as medically unfit, and made one more attempt to enlist in August 1916.
  • He was married to an Australian girl, Mary Melvie Cox, and had a daughter, but he left his family and had numerous criminal convictions.