Paul Ephriam Zundolovich was born in a Jewish family in Telshai district in Lithuania, was baptised, and studied in Rome to become a Roman Catholic priest. He came to Australia in 1892 and worked in outback NSW.
Enlisting in the AIF, he accompanied Australian troops to England as a chaplain.
After the war he continued his work in outback NSW.
John Skalberg, a Latvian from Wolmar (Valmiera), who also claimed to be born in St Petersburg, graduated from high school in Russia. By the time of his enlistment in the AIF he was living in Melbourne, working as a labourer.
He served with the Machine Gun Companies on the Western Front. In May 1918 he was wounded at Camiers and, after months in hospitals and in the Depot, returned to Australia.
After the war he settled in Melbourne, where he was working as a salesman. In 1929 he married an Australian girl, Helen McFadyen. During WWII he enlisted in the AIF and served as a clerk in the Account section.