Max Rothberg, a Jewish man from Bessarabia, after spending several years in Canada and England, came to Australia in 1913 and worked in Melbourne as a carpenter, living with his partner Sarah Spitallnic and their children.
Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 1st Field Company Engineers on the Western Front.
After the war he moved to Brisbane, where he married Doris Elizabeth Mary Mellor and continued working as a carpenter. In the 1940s and 1950s he worked in Port Moresby in New Guinea.
Leander Ludwig Wendel, a Finn from Abo (Turku), spending several years in the USA and England, came to Australia in 1915. He settled in Newcastle, where he married Edith Albertina Hambley, a widow with eight children, and worked as a motor driver.
Enlisting in the AIF, he served as a sapper with the 14th Field Company Engineers on the Western Front. In November 1918 he was accidentally injured and returned to Australia.
After the war he lived in Newcastle and Sydney, working with NSW Railways as a fitter, motor driver and later as a carpenter and bridge carpenter.
Arvo Malakiias Tornroos, a Finnish seaman from Rauma, came to Melbourne in 1913 and worked at Leongatha as a farm hand.
Enlisting in the AIF in Melbourne, he served with the 24th Battalion on the Western Front. In July 1918 he was gassed, but recovered and returned to his battalion. In October 1918 he was killed in the attack on the Hindenburg Line.
Carl Carlson, a Finnish seaman from Abo (Turku), was working as a labourer in South Australia.
Enlisting in the AIF in Port Pirie, he served with the 48th Battalion on the Western Front. He got sick after a month at the front, was repatriated to Australia, and died in Melbourne soon after his return to Australia.