Lionel Rappeport, a Jewish man from Nikopol in Ukraine, came to Western Australia in 1902 with his parents; he was trained as a tailor, but settling in Australia, he worked as a boot salesman and later as a keeper of a wine and soft drink saloon and as a fruiterer.
He enlisted in the AIF in Perth but was discharged four months later as medically unfit.
After the war he continued working in Perth as a fruiterer and greengrocer. He was married to a woman named Miriam and they had four children.
Walerian Lindquist, a Finnish seaman from Tavastehus (Hämeenlinna), worked in the USA, came to Australia in January 1916, and lived in Newcastle working as a rigger, sailor and labourer. In February 1917 he asked for money for a drink posing as a returned soldier, and was sentenced to six months hard labour.
Upon release from prison he enlisted in the AIF in September 1917 in Newcastle, but was discharged a week later as medically unfit.
William Malberg, an Estonian from Revel (Tallinn), by 1917 was working as a labourer in Salter Springs in South Australia.
Enlisting in the AIF in Adelaide, he served with the 48th Battalion on the Western Front. In September 1918, at the advance south of Peronne, he was wounded in the arm. Recovering, he received some training in the workshops in England and returned to Australia.
Urho Oscar Nieminen, a Finnish sailor from Tampere, was working as a labourer in Chinchilla, Queensland by the time of his enlistment in the AIF.
His first enlistment was in Roma, Queensland, in June 1916, but he was discharged three months later as medically unfit. In August 1917, enlisting in Sydney as a bootmaker, he was accepted and sailed with troops to England. While in the training camp in Liverpool, he became sick and was returned to Australia.
Bennett Solomon Sacks, a Jewish man from the unidentifiable ‘Waigove, Russia’, had relatives in South Africa. By the time of his enlistment in the AIF he was a widower and lived in Melbourne, being an ostrich feather merchant.
Enlisting in the AIF in Melbourne, he served with the 46th Battalion on the Western Front. After the armistice he was detached to the Brigade Headquarters.
After the war he lived in Melbourne, continuing his business.
Abraham Barzel, a Jewish man from Poland, moved with his parents as a child to Egypt, and after 10 years there, in 1912 immigrated to Sydney, from where he moved to Western Australia, working as blacksmith and miner.
His first enlistment in the AIF was in Perth in September 1916, but he was discharged at his own request. His second enlistment was in August 1917 in Geraldton, but he was discharged a month later. His third attempt to enlist was in February 1918, but he was discharged a month later.
After the war he lived in Fremantle, working as a lumper.
Ladislav Susil enlisted in the AIF as a ‘Russian Bohemian’, but was an Austrian subject from Slavkov in Moravia. When he was 17 he ran away from home and served as a sailor in the USA. In August 1914 he came to Australia, was arrested as an Austrian subject, and placed in a POW camp. He managed to escape several times from the camps in New South Wales and Victoria. While working, he posed as Russian and even registered as a Russian alien.
In August 1917 he enlisted in the AIF in Wagga Wagga but was discharged two months later.
In June 1919, when alien regulations still were in force, he surrendered as destitute and was deported to his motherland. In 1924 he moved to the USA.
Carl Gustav Sauvola, a Finnish seaman from Brahestad (Raahe), came to South Australia in 1904 and worked as a labourer and later as an ‘electrical labourer’. In 1908 he married an Australian girl, Emily Louisa Kerr; their first children were born in Port Adelaide, but after the death of their two daughters they moved to Melbourne.
Carl enlisted in the AIF in Melbourne, but was transferred to the home service, 3rd District Guard Corps – by that time he was 40 years old. In December 1918 he was discharged, but in January 1919 enlisted for home service in the Central Flying School, Laverton.
After the war he lived with his family in Melbourne, working as a fitter’s labourer.
Alfred Miller, a Polish man from Lodz, was a motor mechanic by trade. He came to Western Australia in 1914 and later moved to Adelaide.
He tried to enlist in the AIF in October 1916, but was rejected because of defective vision. Enlisting in August 1917 in Adelaide, he was allocated to the Army Medical Corps, but was discharged in December 1917, getting the position of an instructor for motor and electrical work for returned men.
In 1920-1921 he travelled all over Australia in search of work and finally settled in Melbourne.
Charles Anderson, a Finnish seaman, came to Australia in 1914 and worked as a miner.
Enlisting in the AIF in Nymagee, NSW, he served with the 2nd Tunnelling Company on the Western Front. In October 1918, during the advance on the Hindenburg Line, he was wounded in the arm and returned to Australia.
Jack Shilony enlisted in the AIF as a ‘Russian Jew’; in one case he stated he was born in Jerusalem in Palestine, in another case, in Marseilles in France. Most likely he grew up in Palestine, where his parents were living. He came to Western Australia in 1913 and was working as a moulder apprentice. In 1916-1917 he worked as a ward orderly in Perth Public Hospital.
Enlisting in the AIF in Perth, he served with the 10th Field Ambulance on the Western Front.
After the war he stayed in Perth, working as a hospital attendant and later as a laundry man. In 1925 he married Julie Staricoff. After his wife’s death in 1937 he married Olga Rosenberg. Retiring, he moved to Melbourne in the late 1970s.
Emil Everd Hofdahl, a Finnish seaman from Tammerfors (Tampere), came to Australia in 1916, deserting his ship.
He tried to enlist in October 1916, but was not successful. He was accepted at the second attempt, in August 1917, and was sent to work to the Australian General Hospital as an orderly. In April 1918 suspicions arouse that he was a German, although he stated that he did not know the German language, and he was discharged.
Jacob Nevola, a Finnish seaman from Wasa (Vaasa), came to South Australia in 1914.
In 1916 he twice enlisted in the AIF, but was discharged because of drunkenness. His third attempt, in July 1917, was successful and he served with the 50th Battalion on the Western Front. In June 1918 he was wounded in the knee, but rejoined his battalion.
Before leaving for the front he married an Australian woman, Alice Newton, and lived in South Australia, working as a labourer and gardener. He had a number of convictions because of drunkenness, especially after his wife’s death in 1934, and tragically drowned in the Murray River while drinking with a group of swagmen.
John Henry Nelson, a Finnish seaman from Helsingfors (Helsinki), came to South Australia in December 1916 and worked in the smelters and on coasting crafts.
Enlisting in the AIF in Port Adelaide, he served with the 48th Battalion on the Western Front. A month after his arrival to the front, in May 1918, he was wounded in the right hand, losing four fingers. The ship Barunga, on which he was returning to Australia, was torpedoed by the Germans, but he survived.
After the war he married an Australian girl, Vera Constance Hooper, and lived in Adelaide, working as a labourer.
John Evanoff (served as Jacob Evonoff), a Russian seaman from Novo Dilizhan, in Elizavetpol Province in the Caucasus (now Armenia), came to Australia in April 1917 and enlisted in Sydney two months later.
He served with the 53rd Battalion on the Western Front. In April 1918, two weeks after his arrival at the front, he was gassed, but continued his service. In September 1918, at the battle for Peronne, he was wounded in the leg and repatriated to Australia.
In 1919, soon after his discharge from the army, he married an Australian girl, Catherine Mary Lindbeck, and lived with his family in Sydney working as a labourer for the Water Board Department, and later as a miner.
Walter Alen Weckman, a Finnish seaman from Vyborg, deserted his ship due to cruel treatment from the captain soon after their arrival at Fremantle in February 1917.
He enlisted in the AIF in July 1917, and served with the 51st Battalion on the Western Front. In July 1918 he fell ill and was evacuated to England; on 9 November 1918, two day before the Armistice, he died of pneumonia.
His relatives in Finland were found after the war.
Peter Wiselenski came from a peasant family in Slonim, Belarus. Leaving his home as a teenager, he spent five years in the USA, came to Brisbane in July 1917 and enlisted in the AIF a week later as Pete Wishkenlski.
He served with the 2nd Tunnelling Company on the Western Front as a sapper.
Returning to Australia, he married an Australian girl, Mary Eliza Revell. They took a land block in the soldiers’ settlement of Red Cliff, Victoria, where Peter worked as a farmer. Their son Peter Kelvin served in the AIF in WWII and Peter elder served in the volunteer defense corps.
Alexis Kopin, a Polish carpenter, came to Brisbane from the Russian Far East in 1912. He worked in the cane-cutting areas of Central Queensland.
Enlisting in the AIF in Melbourne in June 1917, he was sent to the Machine Gun Company for training. Two months later he asked to be discharged or to be transferred to the infantry, which raised his commanders’ suspicions.
Finally he was discharged, applied for a passport from the Russian consul, and left for Russia in December 1917.
Sven Eugen Carlsson, a Finnish seaman from Helsingfors (Helsinki), came to Australia in December 1916.
Enlisting in the AIF in Melbourne, he served with the 7th Battalion on the Western Front. In April 1918 he was wounded in the head, but recovered and returned to his battalion in August 1918. Two weeks later he was gassed, but survived. He was awarded Bronze Medal for his service.
He was discharged from the army in London in July 1919 and his life after that is unknown.
Alexander Hildon, a Finnish seaman from Oulu, came to Western Australia in about 1909 and worked as a farm hand in the Fremantle area.
Enlisting in the AIF in June 1917, he was allocated to the 2nd Pioneer Battalion, but departed for the front only a year later. He was still in England when the war ended, but he was sent to the Western Front after that.
After the war he lived in Fremantle, working as a labourer.