Edward Gaudzinski from Janow in Poland came to Australia from the Russian Far East in 1911 and settled in Sydney working as a tailor. In 1913 he married an Australian girl, Mabel Elsie Blatch, and by the time of his enlistment in the AIF they had two sons.
He served as a sapper with the 9th Field Company Engineers on the Western Front. In July 1917 he was wounded in the right shoulder and legs, but, recovering, returned to the front.
After the war he lived in Kogarah, working as a tailor. His son Edward served in the AIF in WWII.
Constantine Ilin, a seaman from Aleshki in Tavrida Province in Ukraine, enlisted in the AIF together with Hektor in Newcastle.
He served with 1st Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front. In December 1916 he sustained heavy wounds in the back and thigh at Flers. Evacuated to England, he underwent five operations and in July 1917 sailed on board a hospital ship to Australia.
Soon after his discharge from the army he married an Australian girl, Sarah Maud Fletcher; they settled in Newtown in Sydney, but Constantine’s health soon deteriorated and he passed away in May 1922 from complications of his wound and nephritis. His wife died the same year in Waterfall sanatorium of TB and neurasthenia.
Kaz-Bulat Gusaloff (he enlisted as Kaenolatr Gusloff), was an Ossetian from Zelginskoe. He participated in the Russo-Japanese War and came to Australia from the Russian Far East in 1914. He worked as a miner in Cloncurry and enlisted in the AIF in Charters Towers.
Soon after his enlistment he got sick with sciatica and was discharged as medically unfit three months later.
Andrew Snegovoy from Odessa came to Australia from the Russian Far East in 1910 and worked as a motor driver in Queensland.
Enlisting in the AIF in Brisbane, he served with the 49th Battalion on the Western Front. In April 1917, at the battle for Noreuil, he was wounded in the thigh. A year later, at the battle for Dernancourt, he was wounded for the second time in the arm and face. He left his battalion on 12 September 1918, was accused of desertion and sentenced to five years’ penal servitude. Prior to deserting he had made an unsuccessful attempt to obtain a discharge, arguing that his family in Russia needed his help.
After the war he was returned to Australia, but in 1924 he made an attempt to see his family in Russia. He travelled as far as Harbin, but had to return back to Australia. He made a second attempt in 1928, but finally he settled in Newcastle, working as labourer.
Joe Felipor (his correct surname was Filipov) from Odessa had experience of service in the Russian Army and, probably, of a seaman. Arriving to Australia, he worked as a miner in the deserts of Western Australia.
Enlisting in the AIF he served in the tunnelling companies on the Western Front. After a conflict with his co-servicemen in October 1916 he was court martialled, but returned to the trenches. In December 1916 he was severely wounded in the arm and finally repatriated to Australia as medically unfit.
Gustave Jackson (his true name was Gustav Kaeramees) from Dago (Hiiumaa) Island in Estonia worked in South Australia as a labourer.
He enlisted in the AIF in Port Pirie and served with the 5th Pioneer battalion on the Western Front. He was wounded in the leg in January 1917; although he recovered, he later suffered from mental delusions and was repatriated to Australia.
After the war he recovered and was seafaring all over the world, but the 1950s he returned to Australia and naturalised.
John Goralski (he served as Guralsky), a Polish man from Falkow, was conscripted in the Russian Army as a railway soldier, deserted and came to Darwin from the Russian Far East in 1915. He worked on the railway construction at Pine Creek.
He enlisted in the AIF in Darwin, was transferred to Brisbane and discharged three months later as medically unfit.
After that he worked in Sydney as a gardener and later moved to South Australia.
Osiph Rinkevich was born in Razekne in Latvia, from where his family migrated to Tomsk Province in Siberia. He came to Australia in 1913 and after two years in Sydney and Port Pirie moved to Darwin.
He enlisted in the AIF together with Goralsky. While in training camp in Brisbane he met a number of other Russian compatriots enlisted in the AIF and his collection of WWI photographs began growing. Rinkevich served with the 47th Battalion on the Western Front; in May 1918 he was transferred to the 46th Battalion and finished the war in the Light Trench Mortar Battery. He was wounded twice: in June 1917 in the battle for Messines in the leg and September 1918 near Peronne he was wounded by a bomb blast in the head and in the arm.
Recovering after the war, Rinkevich worked as a labourer on the railway construction and a cane cutter in North Queensland. In 1925 he married Ukrainian girl Maria Gavriluk and had son, Valentine. After WWII they ran a chicken farm near Innisfail and an oyster farm on Dunk Island. The Rinkevich family preserved his collection of WWI photographs and was recently reunited with the family of Osiph’s brother in Siberia.
Gustav Lindrose, a Finnish seaman from Abo (Turku), came to Australia in 1908 and continued seafaring.
Enlisting in the AIF in Newcastle, he served with the 34th Battalion on the Western Front, attaining the rank of corporal. In March 1918 he was wounded at Amiens and in August 1918 at Mont St Quentin.
In 1916, before leaving for the front, Lindrose married an Australian girl, Violet Evelin Kirchner. After the war they lived in Newcastle, where he worked as a rigger; during WWII he served in the Royal Australian Navy.
Frank Pyziak from Widzew in Poland came to Australia in 1909, probably as a seaman. In Australia he worked as a labourer and orchardist in Bodalla and Seven Hills, NSW.
Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 53rd Battalion on the Western Front. In March 1918 he was wounded in the right shoulder at Amiens, and in September 1918 he was wounded in the leg at the battle for Peronne.
After the war he lived in Port Kembla and Wollongong; during WWII he enlisted in the AIF and served in the garrison battalions.
Edward Lindelof, a seaman from Raumo in Finland, came to Australia in 1909 and worked in South Australia.
Enlisting in the AIF in Bathurst, he served with the 1st Battalion on the Western Front. In April 1917 he was wounded in the neck and arm together with Minor. Returning to the front he was wounded in September 1917 at Mennin Road near Ypres.
He returned to Australia after the war, continued seafaring and died in Samarai in New Guinea in 1932.
Ksenofont Kozachuk, a Ukrainian from Kosivka in Kiev Province, came to Australia in 1914, after spending a year in Canada and the USA. In Australia he worked as a miner, first in Kurri Kurri and then in Mount Morgan, and as a cane cutter in North Queensland.
He enlisted in the AIF in Cairns, but was discharged a month later as medically unfit.
After his discharge he continued his occupation as a cane cutter and a trimmer on the ships. In 1921 he married an Australian girl, Bessie Morris, and they settled in Collinsville, where Ksenofont worked in a coal mine. They had three children, but the marriage did not last. In 1926 Ksenofont made a trip to the New Guinea goldfields, but without success, and returned to his work as a coal miner. He died in 1987 aged 96.
Cemon Afendikoff, from Odessa, was probably of Greek origin. He came to Australia in 1915 as a seaman.
Enlisting in the AIF in Sydney, he served with the 20th Battalion on the Western Front. In March 1917, at the battle for Lagnicourt, he was wounded in the thigh; just after recovering he was wounded again in May 1917 at Bullecourt, in the arm. In January 1918 he returned to his battalion and was severely gassed in May 1918. Nevertheless he recovered and finished the war on the battlefront.
After the war he carried his swag all over Australia, from Nimitabel in the Snowy Mountains to Gordonvale in North Queensland.
Ezir (Elizar) Ananieff, a Russian from Tara in Tomsk Province in Siberia, came to Australia in about 1913 and worked as a miner.
He enlisted in the AIF in Sydney, together with Afendikoff, was allocated to a tunnelling company, but discharged three months later. In February 1917 he made one more attempt to enlist in the AIF, but was rejected as medically unfit (he had a broken leg).
After the war he settled in Maranboy in the Northern Territory, working as a tin miner.
Cheslav Evaschkevicht, a Belarusian from Minsk (although he also claimed to be born in Odessa) came to Australia in 1915.
Enlisting in the AIF in Melbourne, he received a gunshot wound in the thigh while still in the training camp and was discharged in November 1916 with the note ‘not likely to become an efficient soldier’.
In 1917 he married an Australian girl, Myra Victoria Shacklock, and disappears from records soon after that.
Sergius Forster was a Russian subject born in New York. Soon after his birth his family returned to Russia and seven years later moved to London. Educated in England, he came to Melbourne in 1913 and worked as a clerk.
Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 39th Battalion on the Western Front. In June 1917 he was gassed and transferred to England, where he worked in the AIF depot Headquarters. Returning to Australia in 1919 he reenlisted in 1920 and was in the home service in a supply and transport unit.
After the war he lived in Melbourne working as a clerk and printer.
Carl Erickson, a Finnish fireman from Helsinki, came to Australia in 1912. He enlisted in the AIF in New South Wales. He was obviously discharged quickly, as in October 1916 he was registered as an alien in New South Wales.
Joseph Hanke, probably a Baltic German, enlisted in the AIF in NSW.
William Vassili Peremes, a seaman from Moon (Muhu) Island in Estonia, came to Sydney in February 1916 and enlisted a few days later. He was discharged soon and lived in Melbourne, becoming a waterside worker.
Albert Brofeldt, a Finnish seaman from Nyslott (Savonlinna), most likely came to Australia in 1901; by the time of his enlistment in the AIF he was over forty and living in Western Australia working as a miner and seaman.
He enlisted in the AIF in Fremantle and served with the Machine gun section of the 28th Battalion on the Western Front but in 1917 was returned to Australia due to his age.
After the war he lived in Fremantle and died in 1924.
Samuel Harold Krantz, from the Jewish agricultural colony of Novopavlovka in Ukraine, came to Australia in 1905 with his younger brother Albert. He lived first in Broken Hill and then moved to Perth where he worked in a hotel. Before leaving for the front he married a Jewish girl, Jeanetta Loffman.
He served with the 43rd Battalion on the Western Front, being promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal. In July 1918, during the attack on Hamel, Samuel set an example of ‘bravery and initiative’ to his platoon, for which he was awarded the Military Medal. Soon after that, during the advance to Péronne, he was wounded in the mouth.
Returning to Australia, Samuel changed his surname to Grant; he had two daughters and worked as a draper.
Hjalmar Nyman, a Finnish seaman from Helsingfors (Helsinki), enlisted in the AIF together with Lokki and served together with him the 3rd Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front.
In September 1918, during the advance at Tincourt, Nyman’s initiative, coolness and courage helped to oust the enemy’s machine gun and sniper posts and save his comrades’ lives. He was awarded the Military Medal for this exploit.
After the war he married an Australian girl, Olive Rita, settling in Port Adelaide. He worked as a seaman and crane driver. During WWII he enlisted in the AIF and served in the Volunteer Defence Corps.
Jarl Oswald Bostrom, a Finnish seaman from Helsingfors (Helsinki), came to Australia in 1916.
He enlisted in the AIF in Newcastle and served with the 34th Battalion on the Western Front. In June 1917 he was wounded at Messines and in October 1917 gassed at Passchendaele. During the next year he was twice a casualty: in May 1918 he was gassed and then wounded in the leg in July 1918.
After the war he settled in Sydney, continuing his occupation as a fireman. In 1922 he married an Australian girl, Adeline Violet Stanley; they had four sons, but his wife died in 1928 and Jarl would continue to commemorate her in newspaper advertisements on the anniversaries of her death. Their two sons served in the AIF in WWII.
Frans Albert Nyblom, another Finnish seaman from Bromarv, came to Australia in 1913.
He enlisted in the AIF in Melbourne and served with the 38th Battalion on the Western Front. A month after his arrival to the front, in December 1916, he was wounded in the leg at Armentieres and taken POW. He survived and was returned to Australia in 1919.
After the war he married Norah Parfery and lived with his family in Melbourne, working as a seaman. During WWII he served in the Volunteer Defence Corps, while his son Francis Alfred served on Bougainville Island.
John Elfimoff, a Russian from Samara, came to Australia from the Russian Far East in 1913. He was accompanied by his wife Domna and a son. By the time of his enlistment in the AIF he was working as a miner in Mount Morgan and had three children.
When his wife eloped with another Russian, John enlisted in the AIF, but was discharged a few days later as medically unfit.
After the war he lived in North Queensland working as a labourer and miner. In 1921 he had plans to return to Russia, but his destiny is unknown.
Stephen Provaka, from Surazh in Chernigov Province, came to Australia in 1914 from the Russian Far East and worked as a miner in Mount Morgan. His original name was Stepan Proiavka and he served in the AIF under this name.
He was the only one in the group of Russians who enlisted in the AIF in Rockhampton who saw active service on the Western Front, where he served with the 25th Battalion.
After the war he wanted to return to Russia, but later married an Australian girl, Bertha Finnimore, and their family lived in Brisbane.