January 29, 2016
Leopold Powell Warschaur Barfield
- Leopold Powell Warschaur Barfield, a Jewish man from Radom in Poland, served in the Russian army during the Russo-Japanese war. He came to Australia in 1908 as a seaman and worked as a shipping agent, interpreter, and shopkeeper in Newcastle and married Rebecca Lewis in 1912.
- Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 34th Battalion on the Western Front and was a runner in the Pachendale stunt. In December 1917 he was wounded in the left leg with an aerial bomb.
- After the war he lived in Newcastle and South Australia, working as a commercial traveller, driver and interpreter. During WWII he enlisted in the AIF and served in a garrison battalion.
Hugo William Blomquist
- Hugo William Blomquist, a Finnish seaman, came to Australia in 1912.
- Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 45th Battalion on the Western Front. In June 1917 he was wounded at Messines, but remained on duty. In February 1918 at the battle for Hill 60 at Hollebeke he was taken prisoner.
- Released after the war, he returned to Australia and worked as a station hand in New South Wales, dying in 1932 from TB.
- Anisim Gvinzadse, a Georgian from Kutaisi, worked as a seaman since his youth, coming to Australia in 1911.
- Enlisting in the AIF in Newcastle, he was discharged a few weeks later as medically unfit.
- After the war he was farming in Cooranbong, but later continued his occupation as a seaman.
- Gregory Jakimov was born in Kamenets-Podolsky in Ukraine; his parents were ‘Bohemian’, i.e. from the Czech province of Bohemia. He came to Australia in 1911, most likely as a seaman, and worked at Momba Station in New South Wales.
- Enlisting in the AIF, he served with the 35th Battalion on the Western Front. In July 1917, at the battle for Messines, he was severely wounded in the left arm and repatriated to Australia.
- After the war he married an Australian girl, Marjorie Alice Hayne, and was working as a farm manager and rural worker in Sydney area. His two sons served in the RAAF during WWII, and the elder, Gregory, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
January 9, 2016
- Jacob Kullerhein, an Estonian seaman from Turbuneeme, by the time of his enlistment in the AIF, was in Sydney.
- He came to the Western front with the 53rd Battalion in September 1916, and in November 1916, at the Somme, he was severely wounded by a bomb and died two weeks later.
- His widowed mother was found after the war in Estonia and received an Australian pension.
- Otto Amberg, an engineer from Arensburg (Kuressaare) on Saaremaa Island in Estonia, enlisted in the AIF in Melbourne.
- He served with the 5th Pioneer Battalion on the Western Front. In January 1917 he suffered from shell shock and was returned to Australia as medically unfit.
- After the war he lived in Melbourne and received a military pension.
- Ferdinand Kampman, a ship’s fireman from Pianru in Estonia, came to Melbourne in January 1916 and enlisted together with Amberg on the same day. They both provided as their address in Australia the name of R. Hunter from Melbourne Estonian Society.
- They served in the same Pioneer battalion on the Western Front. In May 1918 Kampman got sick and was returned to Australia.
- After the war he married an Australian girl, Francess Maria Penhalluriack; they lived in Melbourne, where Kampman worked as a wharf labourer.
Frederick Reinhold Reimann
- Frederick Reinhold Reimann from Piarnu in Estonia served for four months in the Russian Navy, came to Australia in 1913, probably as a seaman, and worked in South Australia.
- Enlisting in Adelaide, he served with the 27th Battalion on the Western Front. He got sick with neurasthenia and was despatched to work in Bulford, a hospital for servicemen infected with venereal diseases. He refused to work there, was returned to Australia and discharged as ‘undesirable’ and ineligible for medals.
- After the war he married and lived in South Australia. For years he struggled in vain to receive his medals, but nevertheless he died a hero: he served in the Merchant Navy aboard the Kowarra, which was torpedoed in April 1943 by a Japanese submarine near Fraser Island, with the tragic loss of 21 lives, including Reimann.
- Oscar Tuomi, a ship’s fireman from Abo (Turku) in Finland, was working on sailing ships since 1899; he came to Australia in August 1915.
- Enlisting in Adelaide, as Tuami, he served with the 32nd battalion on the Western Front. In July 1916 he was court martialled for disobedience, arguing that he did not understand English well; a year later his sentence was suspended and he was sent to the battlefront to the 48th Battalion where he won a Military Medal for bravery and devotion to duty while ‘carrying wounded men under extremely dangerous fire’ at the battle for Pashendale in October 1917.
- After the war he lived in South Australia, marrying Australian woman Marjorie Avis Henderson.
Ivan Vasiliff Kabatoff
- Ivan Vasiliff Kabatoff, a Russian from Nizhni Novgorod, worked in Australia as a labourer.
- Enlisting in Sydney, he served with the 13th Battalion on the Western Front. His father contacted the Russian consul in Australia in 1917 to learn about the destiny of his son, only to find that he had been killed at Mouquet Farm in August 1916.